Causes of Acne and Treatment at Home
what is acne
Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin condition typical of adolescence, which consists of the appearance of pimples and blackheads. It is preferably located on the face, neck, shoulders, and back, and various causes of acne can coexist. Acne is also known as acne vulgaris or acne vulgaris.
Causes of acne
In the stages immediately before puberty, hormonal imbalances occur in the body that increases the secretion of the sebaceous glands, which produce fat.
The narrowness of the ducts that carry the fat to the outside and the clogging of the pores, either by dirt or by condensation of the sebum itself, cause the product of the glands to be trapped inside, forming bulges or pimples.
As more fat is produced, the pressure inside the pimple increases, and injuries can occur in the skin that covers it, which gives the reddened area. If an infection occurs at this time, either due to manipulation of the pimple or a local decrease in defenses, there will be pus formation inside the obstructed pore.
Acne lesions can spontaneously open to the outside, leaving a more or less visible scar. They can also become encysted, forming nodules and sometimes abscesses that need to be opened. When acne is complicated, it usually has a prolonged evolution and leaves scars with retractions and a different color from the rest of the skin.
Consequences of acne
Acne is not, in principle, a severe condition. Still, it can have a tremendous psychological impact, especially in adolescents, since it occurs at an age when physical appearance is significant in social relationships.
Young women affected by acne often stop going out with their peers and stay home, neglecting their care. Parents should encourage young people with acne to continue leading a daily life and make them see that pimples and blackheads are much more apparent to the sufferer than to others.
Acne treatment at home
First, it is necessary to prevent the affected person from feeling anxious and her acne from becoming an obsession. It should be downplayed without making more comments than is strictly necessary.
Some rules that can be useful to solve acne are:
Follow a diet with few fats and sugars, avoiding chocolate, coffee, tea, alcohol, and other stimulants. Try to pass stools at least once daily, but never use laxatives without consulting your doctor. Lead a healthy life in general. Exercise outdoors, and sleep the hours necessary for the activity. Avoid situations that create tension or anxiety, as this is one of the causes of acne. Wash affected areas with soap and hot water three times a day. The soap to use is better to contain some antiseptic. These washes remove the layer of fat that clogs the pores. Apply after each wash degreasing lotions or creams that prevent the formation of grease. Sunbathe whenever possible. Perform "skin cleaning." Control which foods included in the usual diet produce an increase in acne. Never use greasy or oily cosmetics to hide lesions. All they do is hinder and lengthen the healing time. In addition, if there are open injuries, allergies and infections can occur that come to complicate the condition. It is useless to rely on specific products against acne if the hygiene of the affected parts is not conscientiously attended to daily. In no case should pimples be squeezed or popped since infections can occur apart from the possibility of scarring? These are especially serious if pimples in the so-called "triangle of death" are handled, including the lower part of the nose and the area around the mouth. This area is affluent in blood vessels that then pass to the brain. If the infection passes into the blood, meningeal or brain infections can be caused.
The consumption of fats and sugars is one of the leading causes of acne, whose elimination necessarily involves adopting a balanced diet. Avoiding stress in everyday life and practicing moderate exercise outdoors will also be very helpful for the healing process. The illustration below shows the sequence of hypertrophy of a sebaceous gland.
Causes of Acne and Treatment at Home
Acne. The sequence of hypertrophy of a sebaceous gland.
Constancy a decisive factor in the treatment of acne
Most young people with acne carry loads of creams, lotions, and ointments, hoping they will go away in a few days. The problem is that they tend to abandon the treatments they have started due to a lack of consistency. They must be made aware that acne lesions cannot disappear in a few days, and sometimes they do not disappear in weeks or months. Still, treatments should not be abandoned since perseverance and patience are the best weapons in the fight against this condition.